Worldwide

United States

Annually:

An estimated 5.3 million Americans are living today with disability related to traumatic brain injury. (6)

Most studies indicate that males are far more likely to incur a TBI as females.

The highest rate of injury occurs in between the ages of 15-24 years. Persons under the age of 5 or over the age of 75 are also at higher risk.

Europe

In the European Union, brain injury accounts for one million hospital admissions per year.

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury

Consequences of Brain Injury

Brain Injury can cause many kinds of physical, cognitive, and behavioral/emotional impairments that may be either temporary or permanent. Impairments may range from subtle to severe. Brain injury may result in seizure disorders.

Brain Injury is a public health concern that demands ongoing epidemiological study, increased efforts to prevent injuries from occurring, and research to advance medical options and therapeutic interventions.

References

1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

2) Data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey , 1995-1996, of the National Center for Health Statistics.

3) Data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey , 1996, of the National Center for Health Statistics.

4) Guerrero JL, Leadbetter S, Thurman DJ, Whiteneck G, and Sniezek JE. A method for estimating the prevalence of disability from traumatic brain injury. In preparation.

5) Unpublished data from Multiple Cause of Death Public Use Data from the National Center for Health Statistics, 1996.

6) Guerrero JL, Leadbetter S, Thurman DJ, Whiteneck G, and Sniezek JE. A method for estimating the prevalence of disability from traumatic brain injury. In preparation.

7) Thurman DJ, Branche CM, Sniezek JE. The Epidemioogy of Sports-Related Brain Injuries in the United States: Recent Developments. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 1998.