Successful Education Following Childhood TBI - Problems and Solutions: A Global Perspective



Audrey McKinlay, Ann Glang


Audrey McKinlay
Roberta DePompei
Ann Glang
Juliet Harbauer-Krupa
Gerry Gioia 
Melissa McCart



Childhood TBI is associated with increased risk of school failure. Following TBI the vast majority of children will return to mainstream school, where well-trained educators and consistent yet flexible school support strategies can foster school success. This symposium will bring together research on difficulties associated with return to school and reintegration into the school setting from a number of different countries (New Zealand, USA, Australia). Presenters will discuss factors which influence a successful return to school. 

13:00-13:10 - Ann Glang

13.10-13.25 - Roberta DePompei
Family/educator panel

Dr. DePompei will interview a parent, youth and educator about their experiences.  The panel will be present throughout the day and will offer their perspectives on the research and best practices presented.

13.25-14.00 - Audrey McKinlay
The educational landscape for children with brain injury

Educators lack understanding of brain injury, which can lead to a lack of appropriate assessment and intervention methods for these students. This presentation will provide an overview of recent surveys of educators in the United States, Australia, New Zealand and Northern Ireland. Findings suggest that educators lack information, awareness and self-efficacy in working with these students.

14.00-14.35 - Ann Glang
Return to school:  What factors influence positive outcomes? 

A critical factor contributing to the identification of students with TBI for special education is the link between hospital and school.  When students return to school, the provision of hospital-school transition services contributes to service provision; however, these services are provided inconsistently.  This presentation will provide an overview of 2 studies following American youth with moderate – severe TBI as they return to school.

14.35-15.10 - Juliet Harbauer-Krupa 
What happens prior to elementary school:  Service pathways for preschool children with TBI

Preschool children have the highest incidence of emergency department visits for traumatic brain injury (TBI) at a time when they are in the midst of development and rapid acquisition of skills necessary for the years ahead at school and in life. Young children are also most at risk for the long-term effects of TBI but there is limited research on methods to diagnose and follow these children over time. This presentation will provide an overview of existing research in this area and recommendations for clinical care. 

15.15-15.45 Refreshment break

15.45-16.20 - Ann Glang
Building regional systems of support

Students with TBI continue to be underserved and under-identified for educational supports. Effective educational services for students with brain injury require system-wide infrastructure that includes: (a) identification, screening, and assessment practices; (b) systematic communication between medical and educational systems; (c) tracking of child’s progress over time; and (d) professional development for school personnel.  Dr. Glang will provide an overview of each of these components.

16.20-16.55 - Gerry Gioia
The real challenge of concussion recovery: Getting kids back to school!

A challenge for students, families and educators is successfully getting students back to school following concussion. Dr. Gioia will discuss these challenges as well as steps, tools and strategies for early identification of students, student recovery and prevention of school failure.

16.55-17.30 - Melissa McCart
State of schools:  Strengths and weaknesses

Educator training

Students with TBI struggle to have successful school experiences when returning to school following concussion. Dr. McCart will discuss the strengths and weaknesses schools have in providing supports and services to students with TBI. She will present an overview of a new educator training (In the Classroom) designed to support educators who are working with students who have TBI.

17.30-18.00 - Roberta DePompei

Dr. DePompei will facilitate a teacher-student-parent panel. The panelists will provide an introduction for the day and will offer insights and their perspective at the end of the day.


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