Long Term Outcomes of Traumatic Brain Injury in Children

Chairs

Audrey McKinlay

Presenters:

Vicki Anderson
Nicola Starkey
Mark Linden
 

Description:

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) across it’s severity range from mild to severe is associated with a number of symptoms in the acute period that include headaches, confusion, dizziness, and difficulties with concentration and memory. Nevertheless, once the medical emergency and acute treatment or observation period is over, children are commonly returned to their pre-injury activities with little follow-up, especially for the less severe or where co morbid injury is not present and where ongoing medical intervention is not required. However, childhood is characterised by developmental change, and deficits that may emerge many months or years post injury are frequently overlooked. Further, knowledge about the long-term consequences of TBI in childhood, or the factors that influence outcomes, both in childhood and into adulthood, has only recently begun to emerge. Perhaps the most well examined childhood TBI outcome has been behavioural deficits. Children with TBI have been reported as having increased evidence of disruptive behaviours including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder. However, other potential outcomes such as anxiety and depression have been less well researched, including any differences between the sexes. Further, information about how a childhood TBI influences adult functioning is still sparse. This symposium will review and present recent research regarding what is known about long term outcomes following childhood TBI, examining a range of outcomes that may emerge over time, and how a childhood TBI affects functioning during adolescence and adulthood.The symposium will include individual expert presentations, panel discussion and case studies to generate discussion and audience involvement.

 

Learning Objectives:

  1. Describe the developmental challenges associated with recovery from childhood traumatic brain injury.
  2. List the factors that influence recovery long-term, including the impact of rehabilitation input on outcomes.
  3. List the range potential long-term outcomes of childhood traumatic brain injury.