NTL Issue 4

International Brain Injury Association

Brain Function in Disorders of Consciousness

The evaluation of residual cerebral function in severely brain damaged patients is of major medical importance. We will here briefly review some recent studies on bedside behavioral evaluation scales, electrophysiology and functional neuroimaging in post-coma disorders of consciousness (DOC). [full story]

IBIA News Update

IBIA continues to plan for its next International Congress in 2008. A scientific planning committee with international representation will be assembled to assist with the program planning for the meeting which will be held in April 2008. Please check in periodically for updates to the IBIA website at internationalbrain.org.  IBIA is also currently planning to work with WFNR to plan a conjoint meeting on MTBI associated with the 2008 international congress. We encourage IBIA members to begin to think about papers and talks for submission to the meeting. [full story

VitalStim Therapy Improves Swallowing Function in Patients with Dysphagia

It is estimated that oropharyngeal dysphagia affects between 6 and 15 million adults and an unknown number of children in the United States. (ECRI, 1999) Dysphagia is very common after stroke. By some estimates as many as 25-50% of acute stroke patients develop dysphagia (Mann, 2000) and is also common in various neurological diseases, head and neck cancer, and also aging. As many as 20-40% of head injured patients may present with dysphagia. (Winstein, 1981) [full story]

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Risk for Alzheimer’s Disease

This article is derived, in large part, from the following book chapter and review paper: Iverson, G. L., Lange, R. T., Gaetz, M., & Zasler, N. D.  (2006). MTBI. In N. D. Zasler, D. I. Katz, & R. D. Zafonte (Eds.), Brain injury medicine: Principles and practice. New York: Demos Medical Publishing; Iverson, G. L. (2005). Outcome from Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18, 301-317. [full story]


Founded in 1993, IBIA was created in response to the growing demand from professionals and advocates throughout the world for collaboration and more information on all aspects of brain injury, from prevention to long-term care issues.  Benefits of membership include an annual subscription to the journal Brain Injury as well as quarterly issues of this publication, the International NeuroTrauma Letter. To receive a membership form, click here (pdf)

Articles of Note


In order to keep IBIA members apprised of current brain injury literature, NTL editors and editorial board members have prepared a list of recently published articles that may be of interest. [full story]


Join the IBIA Listserv

In an effort to provide global communication among members, IBIA has created a brain injury Listserv.  To sign up for the Listserv, click here. Please note that membership in IBIA is required to join the Listserv.

The NeuroTrauma Letter is produced quarterly by the International Brain Injury Association.  Please address editorial questions to 

Editor in Chief 
Nathan D. Zasler, M.D., United States

Editorial Board 
Michael Barnes, M.D., United Kindom 
Lucia Braga, Ph.D., Brazil 
Christine Croisiaux, M.D., Belgium 
Jose Leon-Carrion, Ph.D., Spain 
Donald Stein, Ph.D., United States 
Walter Videtta, M.D., Argentina


Click here view upcoming brain injury conferences and events.